Varicose veins is one of the many health conditions that affect a majority of people across the globe. According to statistics, close to 55 percent of women and 45 percent of man in the United States have vein-related conditions. Varicose veins affect about 50 percent of people aged 50 years and above.
Inasmuch as people claim varicose veins shares signs and symptoms with other conditions, the reality is that some symptoms are strongly linked to this condition than any other. In order to accurately diagnose varicose veins, specialists look at a cluster of signs that point towards venous diseases.
Read on for some of the common and unmistakable varicose veins symptoms.
Large Veins Visible Under the Skin Surface
Varicose veins are characterized by enlarged blood vessels which can be red, blue or flesh-colored. They are more or less like twisted and bulging cords raised above the skin surface. These veins are commonly found on the inside of the leg, thighs and on the backs of the calves. During pregnancy, the large veins pop up around the buttocks.
The bulging and twisting of the veins is often associated with damaged and weak valves. Veins carry deoxygenated blood from the other parts of the body to the lungs through the heart. As your leg muscles contract, they effectively push back the blood against the flow of gravity back to the heart. Inside these veins are valves which are flaps that prevent blood from flowing backwards. When these veins become weak, they allow the deoxygenated blood to leak back and collect in the veins. This condition is referred to as venous insufficiency. The pooling of blood makes the veins to enlarge and the turgidity makes them to be twisted.
Mild Swelling of Feet and Ankles
People suffering from varicose usually experience swollen feet and ankles. This is as a result of your body holding more fluid than usual. In pregnant women and the obese, the increased body weight puts undue pressure on the blood vessels particularly the inferior vena cava which is responsible for receiving blood coming from the lower limbs. This pressure consequently slows down the rate of blood circulation and causes pooling of blood in the veins located at the lower limbs hence the swelling of ankles and feet.
Also, the pressure coming from the trapped blood forces water out through the capillaries into the feet and ankle tissue. This water is normally taken up by the body but because of the extra weight of pregnancy or obesity, the body becomes overwhelmed and this water adds to the swelling.
Achy, Painful and Heavy Legs
It is normal for your legs to get tired and ache from time to time. This is usually experienced when you stand or sit for long periods. The pain however does not last long. People who spend much of their time standing or sitting due to the nature of their jobs are likely to experience painful, achy and heavy legs for an extended period of time leading to a condition known as tired, aching leg syndrome.
As a symptom of varicose veins, heavy and painful legs affect men and women equally and increase with age. According to research, about 50 percent of women aged 45 and above are said to be suffering from tired and aching legs. Out of these, 70 percent are estimated to experience severe pain which affects their daily lives.
Aching and tired legs are associated with poor circulation. The leg muscles lose their contracting capacity hence unable to push blood back to the heart. This causes the blood to pool in the leg veins causing a feeling of tension and heaviness as well as aching.
Throbbing, Burning and Muscle Cramping In Your Legs
This symptom causes varicose sufferers to feel an uncomfortable sensation in their lower legs and an irresistible push to move their legs so as to relieve the sensation. The sensations which are more or less like pins and needles become worse when the person is at rest or sitting. The condition improves when you start moving your legs or walking. This is why most people prefer a massage or stretch to give them temporal relief.
In addition to the above symptoms, the affected persons may also suffer skin ulcers around the ankle area. These wounds are normally shallow and result from the inability of leg veins to return blood back to the heart. These ulcers take long to heal and can recur if necessary steps are not taken.
Treatment Of Varicose Veins Symptoms
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