Varicose Veins Diagnosis and Treatment

varicose veins diagnosisAbout 10 percent of men and 30 percent of women in developed countries consult health practitioners for a varicose veins diagnosis. In most of the cases, these persons are usually found with one or multiple risk factors that underlie their conditions. Factors such as excess weight, heredity, professions requiring them to stand or sit for long periods and previous injuries or traumas.

Varicose veins when left untreated can evolve and result into further complications. These include skin pigmentation, eczema, chronic edema, leg ulcerations and feelings of tiredness and heaviness in the legs.

Varicose veins diagnosis may point towards deeper seated problems. Always get a check up from a professional to ensure all is OK. A deeper problem can pose danger not only to the circulation system but also the entire body. This means an early diagnosis is essential so that you do not suffer the graduated consequences of the condition.

Don’t get us wrong – we don’t wish to alarm anyone. Varicose veins usually represent no real issue. Yes they can be unsightly but generally they represent nothing too much to worry about. So, get them checked out – it will result in peace of mind.

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According to the American Society for Vascular Surgery, about 20 to 25 million Americans suffer varicose veins. The majority of sufferers being women. In the Vascular Disease Foundation Newsletter of Spring 2005, it was established that vein disorders has led to many people missing out on work.

 

Cause Of Varicose Veins

Your veins may be tiny but each one is part of a series of one way valves that allow blood flow in one direction only. They are there to pump blood back to the heart and hence prevent it from flowing backwards. It’s when these valves weaken and cease to work properly that blood can leak, flow backwards and collect in the veins. The result causes them to become swollen and enlarged … varicose veins!

varicose veins diagnosis

 

Classification Of Varicose Veins

There are two main types of varicose veins; primary and secondary. Primary varicose veins are associated with gender heredity, age, weight among other risk factors. Secondary varicose veins however are caused by deep vein occlusion. This causes the blood flow to shift to the superficial veins. This, in turn, leads to dilatation, valve insufficiency and elongation. In its advanced stages, varicose veins cause chronic venous insufficiency.

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Varicose Veins Diagnosis

varicose vein symptomsThere are several ways that result in a varicose veins diagnosis.  Some of the common methods include:

Medical History.

The practitioner first enquires about the medical history of the affected individual to be able to see whether there are any links to past medical conditions such as traumas or injuries which may have contributed to varicose veins. This information is important and the sufferer must give it in its completeness.

Physical Examination.

Apart from the medical history, physical examination is done to establish the existence and assess the extent of progression of the problem. Visible signs such as skin ulcerations help the practitioner to make objective conclusions and give the way forward. Physical examination may also include checking of the BMI for cases of excess weight.

Duplex Ultrasound.

This is a vascular procedure which is done to assess the structure of the leg veins and blood flow. Duplex is so called because two modes of ultrasound are employed; Doppler and B-mode. The Doppler probe evaluates the direction and velocity of blood flow in the veins. Alternatively, the B-mode transducer looks like a microphone and helps in obtaining an image of the vein under study.

Color-Flow Imaging.

This is also referred to as triplex ultrasound. It is similar to duplex ultrasound in procedure but uses color to highlight the direction of the flow of blood. The blood vessels are colored red or blue depending in the direction in which the blood is flowing. There is also a color scale which reflects the speed of the blood flow.

Magnetic Resonance Venography.

This is a procedure which uses radio frequencies, a large magnet and a computer to produce images of structures and organs in the body. To visualize the veins, the system uses intravenous contrast dye and magnetic resonance technology. The contrast dye makes the blood vessels appear opaque on x-ray images therefore allowing the doctor to see the affected vessels clearly.

Treatment Of Varicose Veins

varicose vein treatmentFollowing a varicose veins diagnosis treatment can start. The treatment of varicose veins depends on a number of factors some of which may include:

  • Your medical history, age, and overall health
  • The extent and progression of your varicose veins problem
  • The nature of your signs and symptoms
  • Your preference or opinion

In cases where there are no symptoms or discomfort, treatment may not be necessary. Among the effective and accessible treatment options include:

Compression Stockings

These stockings help in relieving the pain caused by the symptoms while at the same time slowing the progress of varicose veins by improving the venous blood circulation.

Sclerotherapy

This is a procedure where a chemical or saline solution is injected into the affected vein. This solution causes the vein to harden and prevents it filling with blood. The injected vein ultimately shrivels and disappears.

Other Treatments

Other than these treatment methods, options include laser treatment, vein stripping, small incision avulsion and trans-illuminated powered phlebectomy. Read more here >>>.

Varicose Vein Creams

These are naturally formulated topical creams that bring together a rich combination of botanical compounds. An effective varicose vein cream is capable of arresting, reversing and completely eliminating the varicose vein problem. Some of the common ingredients used in these creams include Aloe Vera, Vitamin A, E and K, Cyclotetrasiloxane, Isopropyl Myristate and Potassium Cetyl Phosphate among many others.

There are a number of these creams on the market today – one of the newest editions being Venorex. Venorex is a professional strength treatment cream for varicose veins that is really effective against all the symptoms.

We’ve reviewed the product and you can read our Venorex review here >>>.

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Useful Links To Varicose Veins Diagnosis

Just a few links to resources you may find or interest for more information.

NHS UK

Mayo Clinic